Depending on the severity of the condition, periodontal disease treatment typically entails a combination of non-surgical and surgical procedures. Here are the common approaches to treating periodontal disease:
Scaling and Root Planing: This non-surgical procedure involves removing plaque and tartar from the tooth surfaces and the roots. It helps to eliminate bacteria and promote gum healing.
Antibiotics: In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed to target and control bacterial infections in the gum pockets.
Gum Grafting: If the gum tissue has receded significantly, gum grafting may be performed to cover exposed tooth roots and improve the appearance and health of the gums.
Pocket Reduction Surgery: In advanced cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to reduce the depth of gum pockets and create a more manageable environment for oral hygiene.
Bone Grafting: When periodontal disease has caused bone loss around the teeth, bone grafting procedures can help regenerate lost bone tissue and provide better support for the teeth.
Soft Tissue Laser Therapy: Laser treatment can be used to remove infected tissue and promote gum reattachment.
Maintenance and Follow-up: Regular dental check-ups and periodontal maintenance visits are essential to monitor progress, prevent recurrence, and maintain gum health.